By Helena Eilstein
This is a suite of a few works of Polish philosophers and physicists on philosophical difficulties of time and spacetime. with no limiting the thematic scope of the papers, the difficulty conceming objectivity of time move runs as a uniting thread via such a lot of them. in part it truly is mentioned directIy, and in part the authors specialize in issues that are of paramount value for one's angle to that question. within the first six papers the authors care for their issues opposed to the historical past of latest physics, its theories, its problems and mentioned conjectures. For the paper of S. Snihur that history is equipped via daily worId-outlook, and the writer discusses the matter of life and personality of the longer term within the gentle of easy rules of cIassical good judgment. The paper of A. P61tawski, concerning the perspectives of the phenomenal polish thinker Roman Ingarden, enriches the thematic scope of the coIIection introducing into it a few questions from philosophical anthropology and ethics. JERZY GOLOSZ movement, house, TIME*. summary. The paper discusses the homes of spacetime we learn by way of reading the phenomenon of movement. Of specific curiosity are the spacetime symmetries. the spacetime buildings and the ontological prestige of spacetime. those difficulties are thought of at the grounds of the c1assical theories of movement contained in Newtonian physics, specific and normal idea of relativity. the talk among an absolute and a relational notion of movement and its ontological implications also are analyzed.
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Extra resources for A Collection of Polish Works on Philosophical Problems of Time and Spacetime
In fact, one can introduce the concept of the lapse of time for events wh ich are not connected by a timelike curve, but only at the cost that this time is not physical - it is deterrnined by differences in arbitrarily introduced time coordinates and I will return to this problem below. In Eudidean geometry as weil as in a curved spacetime one can define distinguished lines - those which among all curves connecting two given points are either the shortest ones (for Euelidean space) or the longest (in aspacetime).
The success of the Standard Model in particle physics (the unification of electromagnetic, weak and strong interactions) meant the revival, on a new basis, of the old Einstein's idea of unification of all fundamental forces of Nature and convinced most physicists that gravity should also be unified in one theory with other interactions. In a famous lecture at Cambridge in 1987 Steven Weinberg acknowledged GR as a foundation of particle physics. Parallelly with the ascent of GR it has also been gradually recognized by rnany scholars that the lasting troubles with understanding the foundations of quantum theory are not of merely psychological nature but follow from real conceptual problems.
An elementary event is a primary, nondefinable concept. Intuitively it is a phenomenon occurring in a moment at a point of space, such as a coJlision of two elementary particles. It is usually written in introductory textbooks on relativity theory that regarding an elementary event, one is not interested in what has happened (the nature of the phenomenon) but only in 'when and where' it happened. This statement is not quite precise, since the question 'when and where' already presumes that the event has temporal and spatial coordinates while these cannot be defined for an arbitrary set of points.