A Geography of Case Semantics: The Czech Dative and the by Laura A. Janda

By Laura A. Janda

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Extra info for A Geography of Case Semantics: The Czech Dative and the Russian Instrumental (Cognitive Linguistic Research)

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Government by nouns Examples of government of the dative case by a noun are infrequent and invariably derived from the verb phrasesalreadycovered. Grepl and Karlik (1986: 268) give only the three examples cited here and affirm that all are collapsed versionsof sentences with corresponding verbs. (49) slib bratrovi promise-NOM brother-DAT 'a promise to brother' (50) prfkaz vojakum order-NOM soldiers-DAT 'an order to the soldiers' One leftoververb - zdvidet envy' The preceding analysis includes all of the verbs which are said to govern the dative case in Czech, with one notable exception: zdvidet' "envy".

A nominative is a nominative'" interpretable as a copular verb nom' ginSI "a nominative together with an instrumental" interpetable as a comitative relationship 0 0 It will be argued here that the central meaning (also known as the prototype) of the dative rests in the indirect object construction. This claim may seem facile and obvious 67 , but it conceals a cognitive structure, the intricacy of which becomes apparent as soon as one tries to defme the term "indirect object". The term represents a skewed concept that is positively identified only in very limited circumstances.

Hrdlo. throat-ACC Petra. Peter-GEN. The rule concerning inalienable possession is often overridden by the following rule in which the dative is contrasted with other forms of possession: if the item possessed is modified, the dative form is less felicitous'<', presumably because its use concentrates attention on the object's attributes rather than on its relationship with its possessor. Thus (73) resists replacement of the dative with a possessive, and possessive forms are preferred in (74) and (75).

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