Achieving Operational Flexibility through Task Organization. by Brian North

By Brian North

On the eve of worldwide struggle II, the U.S. military used to be a small cadre strength with out deployable wrestle divisions. as a result of years of practise and making plans through the interwar years, the military accomplished the transformation right into a large association with a number of military teams unfold the world over in lower than 4 years. This new military displayed amazing battlefield flexibility. Doctrine and coaching guided senior leaders within the ecu Theater of Operations to make sure overwhelming wrestle energy on the aspect of assault. They always shifted their divisions, a constrained asset at the continent for almost all of 1944, among corps headquarters instantly sooner than significant battles. Many divisions replaced corps assignments 4 occasions in a three-month interval and corps moved among armies usually with out obvious hassle. altering job association within the face of the enemy is a fancy project, affecting command relationships, logistics, and each different employees function....

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Bradley, General George S. Patton III, General J. Lawton Collins, and Lieutenant General Troy H. Middleton all credit the interwar period for influencing their ability to lead large units, and specifically the Army school system for influencing their personal development and success. Each of them felt a great deal of pride in the performance of the United States Army in Europe and the effectiveness of the American way of war. They often mention task organization changes, sometimes in reference to a conference or decision, but like the historians, they do not address the complexity or impact of making the changes.

82} In fact, throughout each of the four versions, the basic principles of offensive focus, decisive combat, importance of command, role of security, and reconnaissance remain virtually identical. The 1923 Field Service Manual attempts to be comprehensive, while later versions reflect the creation of supporting manuals, shifting details, and allowing the concepts to be further developed. The chapters change order throughout the years, possibly reflecting changing priorities, but the content and wording of the majority of the document remains consistent.

During the years when the course included a second year option, the expanded curriculum increased the focus on large unit operations and logistics. Picking up a trend started before the First World War, the primary means of instruction was the applicatory method. The applicatory method used problem-solving exercises to challenge individuals and groups against a graded school solution. The heart and soul of the entire course was the map exercises, conducted three or four times a week and requiring students spend four hours solving various military problems.

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