By Bartholomew Elias
The reaction of the U.S. federal govt to the occasions of September eleven, 2001 has mirrored the problem of impressive a stability among imposing security features to discourage terrorist assaults whereas while proscribing disruption to air trade. Airport and Aviation safeguard: U.S. coverage and procedure within the Age of world Terrorism is a accomplished reference that examines the chronic threats to aviation defense that led as much as the terrorist assaults of September eleventh, describes next terror plots opposed to aviation resources, and explores U.S. efforts to counter and mitigate those threats. Addressing the place of origin safety demanding situations dealing with the U.S. within the age of terrorism, this article explores: defense protocol ahead of September 11 Precursors to September 11 The emerging probability of Al Qaeda Tactical and congressional reaction to 11th of September, together with new laws the wider context of hazard review Intelligence collecting Airport safeguard, together with passenger, luggage, and worker screening Airline in-flight safety features Airport perimeter protection the specter of shoulder-fired missiles safety for GA (general aviation) operations and airports starting with a ancient backdrop describing the sunrise of the age of worldwide terrorism within the Sixties and carrying on with up till the current time, the ebook demonstrates the huge social and political context underlying fresh alterations within the aviation safety method as an immediate results of the September 11 assaults. insurance examines ongoing threats and vulnerabilities to the aviation infrastructure, together with an exploration of ways prior terrorist incidents have come to form U.S. coverage and technique.
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Additional resources for Airport and Aviation Security: U.S. Policy and Strategy in the Age of Global Terrorism
At the peak in 1969, hijackings between the United States and Cuba were occurring at a rate of more than one every two weeks. 4 The situation became so bad that the United States and Cuba, countries which otherwise had no diplomatic relations, saw a need to negotiate a bilateral treaty to combat hijackings. Cuba had otherwise not taken part in international conventions to suppress hijackings that established a universality principal regarding the crime of hijacking, meaning that no signatory country would harbor a hijacker, but would either extradite the individual to face trial in the country of jurisdiction or carry out criminal proceedings against the individual under the country’s own penal system.
Similar hijackings took place on board a Swissair DC-8 that had departed from Zurich and a Pan Am Boeing 747 flight that had originated in Brussels, following a stopover in Amsterdam. While the TWA and Swissair aircraft were flown to Dawson’s Field, a remote strip in Jordan, there were concerns over landing the larger Boeing 747 at that site. The Pan Am jet was therefore flown to Beirut, Lebanon, and then on to Cairo, Egypt. Just prior to landing in Cairo, one hijacker lit the fuse of a bomb, leaving precious little time to bring the airplane to a stop and evacuate the passengers and crew.
Recognizing the continuing threat, the Israelis have devoted considerable resources to aviation security to protect their relatively small fleet of civilian airliners and small number of airports to prevent aircraft hijackings and bombings. S. air carrier flights operated overseas and international flights bound for the United States, particularly those with a large number of American and Israeli citizens on board. On August 29, 1969, a young Palestinian woman named Leila Khaled became the face of international terrorism when she and an accomplice from the PFLP hijacked a TWA flight from Rome, Italy to Athens, Greece with continuing service to Tel Aviv, Israel, diverting the airplane to Damascus, Syria.