Automation and World Competition: New Technologies, by Ashoka Mody

By Ashoka Mody

This booklet analyses the dynamics of foreign creation situation and exchange. those dynamics are being pushed through new applied sciences (such as microelectronics) and the self reliant emergence of huge low salary nations similar to China. We see a conflict among affordable robots and inexpensive human labour within the following few a long time. To examine this stress, we now have selected to check 3 industries: clothing and Textiles; Semiconductors and cars. In every one undefined, we give some thought to the choices and clients of excessive, heart and occasional source of revenue nations. on the centerpiece of the sectoral analyses are quantitative modeling routines. The quantitative overview of expertise selection and aggressive dynamics relies on wide interviews with specialists within the usa, Japan and Korea. The types are tightly all for particular items, levels of creation and applied sciences. this permits us to envision probabilities comparable to: slicing and staining women's gown utilizing automatic applied sciences in a excessive salary state, stitching in a low salary nation utilizing guide or semi-automated applied sciences and completing the product in a excessive salary state. we're additionally in a position to examine reaction occasions below varied creation situations. that allows you to comprehend know-how selection, we now have additionally heavily studied the institutional and strategic setting. for instance, within the semiconductor the pricing concepts of incumbent companies were very important within the acceptance of access to latecomers. Strategic alliances influence the associated fee and availability of know-how. the most important contribution of the publication is a projection of overseas aggressive skills in 3 very assorted construction sectors at the foundation of a center quantitive price research and mixed with sector-specific business association and exchange regime features.

Show description

Read or Download Automation and World Competition: New Technologies, Industrial Location and Trade PDF

Similar industries books

Constructing China's Capitalism: Shanghai and the Nexus of Urban-Rural Industries (China in Transformation)

Buck shines a brand new gentle on China's transition to capitalism via targeting and interpreting the advance of networks among the city and rural factories that experience produced the nearby economic climate of higher Shanghai. those networks have included hundreds of thousands of villagers into the nationwide and the worldwide economic climate. through getting within those networks and observing as their restructuring unfolds, dollar finds hidden features of significant alterations: China's transition from centralized making plans to industry economic system, the transformation of Shanghai from business to monetary heart, and a wave of privatization that has swept away the final vestiges of socialism.

Contention and Corporate Social Responsibility

This publication examines anti-corporate activism within the usa, together with research of anti-corporate demanding situations linked to social pursuits as varied because the Civil Rights stream and the Dolphin-Safe Tuna stream. utilizing a distinct dataset of protest occasions within the usa, the publication exhibits that anti-corporate activism is essentially approximately company regulations, items, and negligence.

An Absence of Competition: The Sustained Competitive Advantage of the Monopoly Sports Leagues

This ebook takes a multi-disciplinary method of studying the character of ‘competition’ and ‘competitive virtue’ in the U. S. seasoned recreation undefined. by means of many measures, the 4 significant seasoned activities leagues within the U. S. – the nationwide soccer League (NFL), nationwide Basketball organization (NBA), nationwide Hockey League (NHL), and significant League Baseball (MLB) – are actually essentially the most profitable company entities within the kingdom.

Extra info for Automation and World Competition: New Technologies, Industrial Location and Trade

Example text

Recently said: "The first, and by far the most important, is time ... By using technology to shorten the production cycle dramatically, apparel companies can reduce their fashion risks while improving their ability to deliver quality customer service. The second strategic variable which technology can affect, of course, is the cost of manufacturing" (Bobbin, July 1985, p. 44). There is some reason to be cautious in assessing the importance of reduction in time costs. Nevertheless, it should be noted that by shortening the production cycle two advantages are gained: (a) there is a fall in the cost of working capital and (b) there is a competitive advantage gained through the ability to respond quickly to customer demands.

Together, Europe and the US have accounted for between 80 and 85 per cent of imports in the recent past. However, while US imports have risen significantly, European imports have declined, particularly since 1980. As we will document below, protectionist sentiments are also building rapidly in the US. There are, therefore, only three potential sources of significant growth in world garments and textiles for LOCs during the coming decade. First, the impact of the "Yen shock" is obviously interfering, at least in the short run, with Japanese plans to renew the competitiveness of their basic manufacturing activities with automated systems.

Concurrently with this increase in wage-based competition, sophisticated microelectronics-based systems for garment and textile production and marketing are emerging in the OECD economies. Rather suddenly, then, the NICs face the prospect of an unprecedented squeeze. Their garmentltextile industries show signs of drifting simultaneously toward "sunset", in the direction of the new low-wage competitors, and towards "sunrise" in the West. In the industrial economies these industries are reverting to infant industry status.

Download PDF sample

Rated 4.23 of 5 – based on 33 votes