By Ian V. Hogg
;Barrage: The weapons in activities КНИГИ ;ВОЕННАЯ ИСТОРИЯ Издательство: Ballentine BooksСерия: Ballantine's Illustrated background of global battle II, guns ebook No 18Автор: Ian V. HoggЯзык: EnglishГод издания: 1970Количество страниц: 162Формат: pdf Размер: 69,3 mbA barrage is a line or barrier of exploding artillery shells, created through the co-ordinated aiming of a giant variety of weapons firing regularly. Its objective is to disclaim or abate enemy passage during the line of the barrage, to assault a linear place similar to a line of trenches or (as a creeping or rolling barrage) to neutralize the enemy within the direction of an improve through pleasant troops. It contrasts with a focus, within which the entire weapons objective on the related small area.The barrage used to be constructed in international battle I, and by way of past due 1916 the creeping barrage used to be the traditional technique of deploying artillery to aid an infantry assault, with the infantry following the advancing barrage as heavily as attainable. Its employment during this method acknowledged the significance of artillery fireplace in neutralising, instead of destroying, the enemy. It was once came upon creeping barrage instantly by way of the infantry attack might be way more powerful than weeks of initial bombardment.Barrages remained in use in international conflict II and later, yet in basic terms as one in every of various artillery strategies made attainable via advancements in expected hearth, objective place and communications. RAPIDили IFOLDER zero
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Extra resources for Barrage: The Guns in Actions
But after 21 August the Germans pulled off their greatest success of the campaign as they extricated virtually all of their remaining forces in a full-scale, staged withdrawal behind the Seine. Changing strategic priorities, increasing demands for air support, and poor weather prevented Allied air forces from impeding the German retreat. Moreover, the Allied decision of 18 August to capture the Seine bridges intact then brought an end to direct attacks. The break-out also greatly increased the number of potential ground targets and inevitably dissipated Allied air power.
This rapidly devised attack was intended to maintain pressure on the Germans and prevent the transfer of enemy armor against the Americans. Six divisions of VIII and XXX British Corps assaulted a single German infantry division, but the premature start meant that the attack lacked the massive artillery support that habitually accompanied British offensives. Moreover, though the German defense was weak, the front had been static since mid-June and the Germans had entrenched in depth amid the thick bocage.
To fill the gap that had emerged in the German front between Antwerp and Neerpelt in Belgium, the High Command dispatched from the Reich part-trained army recruits, naval personnel, and air force ground crew to form General Kurt Student’s improvised First Parachute Army. Surprisingly, these partly trained and poorly equipped scratch units offered determined resistance. A bitter dispute over both strategy and command had erupted between Eisenhower and Montgomery—the ‘broad front versus narrow front’ controversy —in late August.