By Edward H. Shortliffe
The perform of recent drugs and biomedical examine calls for refined info applied sciences with which to regulate sufferer info, plan diagnostic systems, interpret laboratory effects, and perform investigations. Biomedical Informatics presents either a conceptual framework and a realistic notion for this quickly rising clinical self-discipline on the intersection of computing device technology, choice technology, details technological know-how, cognitive technology, and biomedicine. Now revised and in its third variation, this article meets the becoming call for by way of practitioners, researchers, and scholars for a entire advent to key themes within the field. Authored through leaders in scientific informatics and broadly verified of their classes, the chapters during this quantity represent an efficient textbook for college students of clinical informatics and its components of software. The publication can be an invaluable reference paintings for person readers wanting to appreciate the position that pcs can play within the provision of medical prone and the pursuit of organic questions. the quantity is prepared in order first to provide an explanation for simple suggestions after which to demonstrate them with particular structures and applied sciences.
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Additional info for Biomedical informatics. Computer applications in health care and biomedicine
Issues of direct data entry by clinicians are discussed in Chapters 2 and 12 and throughout many other chapters as well. 3 we examine recent trends in networking and ask how communications are changing the way in which the patient care record can be better integrated with other relevant information resources and clinical processes, which are currently fragmented and poorly coordinated. 4. Conventional data collection for clinical trials. Although modern clinical trials routinely use computer systems for data storage and analysis, the gathering of research data is often a manual task.
The ENIAC. Early computers, such as the ENIAC, were the precursors of today’s personal computers (PCs) and handheld calculators. ) 1930s. These techniques were the precursors of the stored program and wholly electronic digital computers, which began to appear in the late 1940s (Collen, 1995). One early activity in biomedical computing was the attempt to construct systems that would assist a physician in decision making (see Chapter 20). 12. Tabulating machines. The Hollerith Tabulating Machine was an early data-processing system that performed automatic computation using punched cards.
The public health system, including disease surveillance, will be only one of the many beneficiaries of such a transition. 9. Moving beyond the organization. The integrated interconnectivity of all the clinical systems, building on networking technology and standards for data exchange and privacy protection, creates a National Health Information Infrastructure (NHII), which supports clinical care, research, and the public health. 6, encapsulated in the box here labeled “Local Health System”) with the full potential of the worldwide Internet.