Biomimetics for Architecture & Design: Nature - Analogies - by Göran Pohl, Werner Nachtigall

By Göran Pohl, Werner Nachtigall

This ebook offers the readers with a well timed advisor to the appliance of biomimetic ideas in structure and engineering layout. due to a mixed attempt through across the world famous experts, the biologist Werner Nachtigall and the architect Göran Pohl, the e-book describes the foundations that are used to match nature and know-how, and while it offers precise causes and examples displaying how biology can be utilized as a resource of thought and “translated” in construction and architectural options (biomimicry). although nature can't be without delay copied, the dwelling international offers architects and engineers with a wealth of analogues and inspirations for his or her personal inventive designs. yet how can research of average entities provide upward thrust to complex and sustainable layout? by means of reporting at the most up-to-date bionic layout equipment and utilizing vast paintings, the publication publications readers throughout the box of nature-inspired structure, supplying a rare source for pro architects, engineers, designers and concrete planners, in addition to for college academics, researchers and scholars. traditional evolution is noticeable during the e-book as a strong source which can serve structure and layout through supplying leading edge, optimum and sustainable solutions.

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2a). Structural stability is reached after the fusion of members by a thickening of the members and nodes, transforming into a sort of panel structure. The formation of a spherical shell is then complete. The French engineer Robert Le Ricolais used the drawings of radiolaria by E. Haeckel and V. Haecker as an opportunity to produce experimental models for spatial structures according to the principle of radiolaria skeletons. 2b); reaching a sort of proto form that is not yet completely stable. This structure can be later modified in various ways and further developed into a fully stable structure.

5c). In these shells and in the shells of other organisms, the individual panels—with slightly dovetailed edges or seams—also meet in a Y form. One can actu- Fig. 5 Panel structures in nature and architecture. a Platonic forms: maximum of three panels around one vertex. In stable panel structures the edges meet in the form of a “Y”. b Project for a museum building by T. Wester and K. Hansen (1988). 1 Technical Biology and Biomimetics of Building and Load-Bearing Structures 17 ally remove the individual panels in older, completely dried-out specimens and insert them back in as well (“clipping together”), obtaining once again a stable shell.

The internal structural stress leads to a redistribution of the material and to a structurally optimized arrangement of mass. Comparable approaches to structure in architecture have led to developments of minimal surface structures and shell and expanding constructions, for example. 6 Potentials of Building Biomimetics 39 structural system never assumes only one function but fulfills a multitude of various demands simultaneously. , sea urchin shells). In architecture, the considerations of complex structural systems of nature can lead to construction of effective and sustainable buildings that would then have to assume a multitude of tasks: structural support, moisture control, acoustics and sound insulation, heat insulation, advantageous forms for internal air flow, advantageous forms for external air flow, volume reduction, material optimization or minimizing, and additionally, the task of design esthetic.

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