By Kasper Lippert-Rasmussen
This article addresses those 3 matters: what's discrimination? What makes it wrong?; What could be performed approximately wrongful discrimination? It argues that there are various options of discrimination; that discrimination isn't really constantly morally fallacious and that once it truly is, it's so basically due to its damaging effects.
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Extra resources for Born free and equal? : a philosophical inquiry into the nature of discrimination
Hence, the example fails to show that discrimination is not essentially comparative across persons. Another objection to my claim that discrimination is necessarily comparative across persons (in that it requires that the agent treats the discriminatee worse than others) might point out that in some cases treating individuals in the same way can be discriminatory. Suppose, for instance, that a sexist employer pays a highly productive woman the same wage as an unproductive male employee although, except for the present case, the wage the employer pays is determined by the employee’s level of productivity.
16 Surely, this amounts to generic discrimination, whether this unusual form of discrimination constitutes a serious moral problem or not. Also, superindividual entities such as private companies, social structures, and states can be subjects (and objects) of discrimination. Many claim that, unlike persons, animals cannot be the objects of discrimination as opposed to, say, maltreatment. , those involving lowered self-esteem. However, there are also forms of treatment from which persons and animals alike can suffer and which in the case of persons would be classified as discrimination.
A. 1, 3–30. , the agent intends to treat members of normal and superior races differently. That presupposes that there actually are members of the superior race and since this presupposition is unsatisfied, he does not actually succeed in treating people differentially. Accordingly, he does not discriminate either. 20 Born Free and Equal? 18 Indeed, the person who coined the term “speciesism”—the British psychologist Richard D. Ryder—wrote in 1975 that he employs the term “to describe the widespread discrimination that is practised by man against other species .