Nature's Clocks: How Scientists Measure the Age of Almost by Doug Macdougall

By Doug Macdougall

"Radioactivity is sort of a clock that by no means wishes adjusting," writes Doug Macdougall. "It will be demanding to layout a extra trustworthy timekeeper." In Nature's Clocks, Macdougall tells how scientists who have been looking to comprehend the earlier arrived on the creative strategies they now use to figure out the age of gadgets and organisms. by means of interpreting radiocarbon (C-14) dating—the most sensible identified of those methods—and a number of different innovations that geologists use to decode the far away previous, Macdougall unwraps the final century's advances, explaining how they demonstrate the age of our fossil ancestors corresponding to "Lucy," the timing of the dinosaurs' extinction, and the best a long time of tiny mineral grains that date from the start of the earth's background. In vigorous and obtainable prose, he describes how the technological know-how of geochronology has built and flourished. bearing on those advances in the course of the tales of the scientists themselves—James Hutton, William Smith, Arthur Holmes, Ernest Rutherford, Willard Libby, and Clair Patterson—Macdougall exhibits how they used ingenuity and concept to build certainly one of glossy science's most vital accomplishments: a timescale for the earth's evolution and human prehistory.

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Dating the Passion: The Life of Jesus and the Emergence of by C. Philipp E. Nothaft

By C. Philipp E. Nothaft

The beginnings of clinical chronology tend to be linked to the paintings of the nice Renaissance philologist Joseph Scaliger (15401609), yet this attitude is challenged via the lifestyles of a shiny pre-modern computistical culture, during which technical chronological questions, specially in regards to the lifetime of Jesus, performed a vital position. Christian students resembling Roger Bacon made leading edge breakthroughs within the box of historic courting via making use of astronomical calculations, severe exegesis, and the research of the Jewish calendar to chronological difficulties. Drawing on a big variety of assets that diversity from past due antiquity to 1600, this publication makes use of the heritage of the date of Christs ardour to shed new mild at the medieval contribution to technology and scholarship.

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The Practical Pyromaniac: Build Fire Tornadoes, by William Gurstelle

By William Gurstelle

The sensible Pyromaniac combines technological know-how, historical past, and DIY pyrotechnics to provide an explanation for humankind’s most valuable and paradoxical software: fireplace. William Gurstelle, writer of the bestselling yard Ballistics and widespread contributor to well known Mechanics and Make journal, offers 25 tasks with directions, diagrams, images, and hyperlinks to video demonstrations that let humans of every age (including younger fans with right supervision) to discover and correctly play with fire.From Franklin’s range to Diesel’s engine, Gurstelle tells the explosive and engaging stories of the good American and ecu pyromaniacs who scientifically published the mysteries of fireside. between them are hot-headed "Gunpowder" Joseph Priestley, who came across oxygen, and Antoine Lavoisier, the daddy of chemistry who misplaced his head at the guillotine, in addition to scientist and undercover agent count number Rumford and dapper Humphrey Davy whose chemical discoveries and fiery innovations kept millions of lives.With the sensible Pyromaniac in hand readers can reflect those step forward scientists’ experiments and innovations, from the easily interesting one-candle-power engine to the approximately magical hearth piston and from a pragmatic backpacker range to a big twister of fireside.

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BCS: 50 years by Leon N. Cooper

By Leon N. Cooper

The BCS conception of superconductivity built in 1957 through Bardeen, Cooper and Schrieffer has been remarkably winning in explaining the homes of superconductors. moreover, thoughts from BCS were integrated into different fields of physics, from nuclear physics and dense quark topic to the present common version. functional functions comprise SQUIDs, magnetic resonance imaging, superconducting electronics and the transmission of electrical energy. This useful publication is a compilation of either a historic account and a dialogue of the present country of concept and scan. With contributions from many famous scientists, it goals to introduce scholars and researchers to the origins, the influence and the present country of the BCS conception.

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Low Voltage Electron Microscopy: Principles and Applications by Susan Brooks(eds.)

By Susan Brooks(eds.)

Part of the Wiley-Royal Microscopical Society Series, this e-book discusses the swiftly constructing state of the art box of low-voltage microscopy, a box that has just recently emerged a result of swift advancements within the electron optics layout and photo processing.

It serves as a consultant for present and new microscopists and fabrics scientists who're lively within the box of nanotechnology, and offers purposes in nanotechnology and learn of surface-related phenomena, permitting researches to monitor fabrics as by no means before.

Chapter 1 advent to the speculation and benefits of Low Voltage Electron Microscopy (pages 1–30): David C. Bell and Natasha Erdman
Chapter 2 SEM Instrumentation advancements for Low kV Imaging and Microanalysis (pages 31–55): Natasha Erdman and David C. Bell
Chapter three severe High?Resolution (XHR) SEM utilizing a Beam Monochromator (pages 57–71): Richard J. younger, Gerard N. A. van Veen, Alexander Henstra and Lubomir Tuma
Chapter four the applying of Low?Voltage SEM—From Nanotechnology to organic study (pages 73–95): Natasha Erdman and David C. Bell
Chapter five Low Voltage High?Resolution Transmission Electron Microscopy (pages 97–117): David C. Bell
Chapter 6 light STEM of unmarried Atoms: Low keV Imaging and research at final Detection Limits (pages 119–161): Ondrej L. Krivanek, Wu Zhou, Matthew F. Chisholm, Juan Carlos Idrobo, Tracy C. Lovejoy, Quentin M. Ramasse and Niklas Dellby
Chapter 7 Low Voltage Scanning Transmission Electron Microscopy of Oxide Interfaces (pages 163–184): Robert Klie
Chapter eight what is subsequent? the longer term instructions in Low Voltage Electron Microscopy (pages 185–200): David C. Bell and Natasha Erdman

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Physics and Biology : From Molecules to Life by Jean-Francois Allemand, Pierre Desbiolles

By Jean-Francois Allemand, Pierre Desbiolles

Do you frequently lose your keys? you will discover during this publication the easiest technique to locate them, or not less than the only deduced from statistical physics. what's the hyperlink with biology? a few proteins use an analogous technique to locate their objective inside of a residing telephone. this instance illustrates one of many many hyperlinks among physics and biology. those hyperlinks outcome from an excessive examine job some time past years on the interface among these disciplines. This ebook describes one of the most fresh progresses at this interface: from instrumental progresses utilized in biology to the mechanical description of a telephone, to molecular cars, from mind job mechanisms to auditory or sensory belief. Many fields are coated from the molecular to the dimensions on the organ point. a couple of organic notions are offered within the first bankruptcy which could support to entry the organic features of the others. in any case this booklet could curiosity humans passionate in technology, from the straightforward beginner to the complex researcher level.

Readership: complex undergraduates and graduate or any individual with a robust clinical history inquisitive about the physics/biology interface.

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Time, Astronomy, and Calendars in the Jewish Tradition by Schaller Senior Lecturer Sacha Stern, Professor Charles

By Schaller Senior Lecturer Sacha Stern, Professor Charles Burnett

The examine of time, astronomy, and calendars, has been heavily intertwined within the historical past of Western tradition and, extra quite, Jewish culture. Jewish curiosity in astronomy used to be fostered via the Jewish calendar, which used to be in line with the classes of the sunlight and the moon, when astronomy, in flip, resulted in a greater figuring out of ways time might be reckoned. Time, Astronomy, and Calendars within the Jewish Tradition, edited by way of Sacha Stern and Charles Burnett, offers a big variety of unique examine during this multi-disciplinary box, starting from Antiquity to the later center a long time. Its number of ways and sub-themes displays the relevance of astronomy and calendars to many facets of Jewish, and extra normally old and medieval, tradition and social background. individuals contain: Jonathan Ben-Dov, Reimund Leicht, Marina Rustow, Francois de Blois, Raymond Mercier, Philipp Nothaft, Josefina Rodriguez Arribas, Ilana Wartenberg, Israel Sandman, Justine Isserles, Anne C. Kineret Sittig, Katharina Keim, and Sacha Stern

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