By Jane Kucera
This is the 1st quantity to hide desalination in such intensity and aspect, delivering engineers, technicians, and operators complete insurance of the functions, economics, and expectancies of what is going to definitely develop into essentially the most very important water-related methods at the planet. masking thermal strategies and membrane strategies, this is often the one quantity any engineer operating in desalination should have, overlaying either sensible and theoretical concerns encountered on a regular basis. guaranteed to be an enormous contribution to the water administration community.
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Extra info for Desalination: Water from Water
Courtesy of the Water Stress Index 2011 by Maplecroft. stress, particularly when located in arid regions. ) There are numerous water maps available that measure current and predict future water stress. 3 Global water stress in 1995 and predicted for 2025. Courtesy of Philippe Rekacewicz (Le Monde diplomatique), February 2006. less evaporation) as delivered through streams, rivers, and shallow groundwater. It does not include access to deep subterranean aquifers of water accumulated over centuries and millennia.
This chapter discusses the need for desalination and provides the framework for the detailed discussions about desalination techniques that are presented in this book. 1 Introduction Desalination: from the root word desalt meaning to “remove salt from” . By convention, the term desalination is deﬁned as the “process of removing dissolved solids, such as salts and minerals, from water” . Other terms that are sometimes used interchangeably with desalination are desalting and desalinization, although these terms have alternate meanings; desalting is conventionally used to mean removing salt from other more valuable products such as food, pharmaceuticals, and oil, while desalinization is used to mean removing salt from soil, such as by leaching .
Courtesy of Global Water Intelligence. cases, other constituents) makes the water unsuitable for potable and industrial use. Therefore, demineralization or “desalination” treatment to reduce the concentration of TDS must be part of the treatment system employed if these sources are to be used to supplement or replace existing fresh water supplies. 2 Sample water composition of seawater, well water, surface water, and grey water sources. 3 Current Users of Desalinated Water The primary user for desalinated water is the municipal sector; nearly two-thirds of desalinated water is used for potable application.