By Adolf Berger
An encyclopedic dictionary, with large bibliographies, designed for lecturers and scholars of Roman legislation within the lecture room, for college kids of felony background who've very little wisdom of Latin, and for readers of juristic or literary Latin works in translations that won't be trustworthy while criminal phrases or difficulties are concerned.
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Additional info for Encyclopedic Dictionary of Roman Law (Transaction of the American Philosophical Society)
Alienum negotium. Another man's affair. See NEGOTIORUM GESTIO. The law intervened in cases in which a person managed another's affairs without being authorized by him. Alienus. See ALIENUM. Ant. PROPRIUS. Alimenta. Nourishment, the necessities of life, means of support. Under the Principate a reciprocal right to, and duty of, sustenance between parents and chil- [TRANS. AMER. PHIL. SOC. dren was established. Imperial constitutions and the jurisdiction of the cognitio extra ordinem enlarged the circle of persons obliged to reciprocal support (grandparents and grandchildren, wards, even illegitimate children), which reached its apogee in Justinian's law.
Each party is obligated to the other contractual partner. The phrase applies to reciprocal obligations in consensual contracts in which each party is bound to "what each has to perform for another ex aequo et bono (according to whit is just and fair) ," Gai Inst. 137, Iust. Inst. 3. Altercatio. A legal controversy. Altercationes = alternating speeches of the advocates in a trial. Also a cross-examination of a witness. Steinwenter, Z S S 65 (1947) 92. Alterum tantum. As much again. Syn. duplum. 43, PT.
Neumann, RE 2 ; Schonbauer, SbWien, 224, 2 (1946) 67 ; M. ). Augustus. ) Connected with, or originating from, the emperor. -see DOMUS AUGUSTA. A(u1us) Agk-rius. I n Gaius' Institutes this fictitious name is used in the formulae of several actions for the plaintiff (is qui agit, hence Agerius). The defendant appears there as N(umerius) Negidius, an imaginary name originating in the words numerare and negare, since the defendant is the man who has to pay and normally denies the plaintiff's claim.