How To Show Things With Words: A Study On Logic Language And by Rui Linhares-Dias

By Rui Linhares-Dias

"How to teach issues with phrases" is an interdisciplinary learn learn on the interface among linguistics and philosophy which sheds new mild at the narrative-theoretical factor of proximal vs. distal stance adoption in discourse. Narrative distance eventually relies on the epistemological resource of the data conveyed, yet English and different Indo-European languages don't have any inflectional platforms for (en)coding that resource of information. To fill within the hole, speech act conception is (re)considered within the mild of philosophical study on linguistic capabilities and a parallel is drawn among grammaticalized evidential different types and the objectifying acts of Husserl's phenomenology of structure. those intuitive vs. signitive intentional acts do, certainly, approximately correspond to direct vs. oblique evidentiary varieties and will be inferred from the temporal-perspectival association of discourse by means of the so-called intimation or declaration functionality of language-systems. It seems that perspectival immediacy calls for tenses with overlapping occasion- and reference-points, yet predictions of the type are non-monotonic kinds of reasoning defeasible by means of quantificational element differences, at the one hand, and inhere! nt that means issues, at the different. to confirm this declare, the majority of the ebook presents an in-depth formal semantic account of stressful, point and Aktionsart, interwoven with an in depth research of the cognitive techniques linked to eventuality-description varieties. The publication adresses an viewers of linguists mostly, formal semanticists, cognitive scientists, philosophers and narratologists with an curiosity in usual language semantics.

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Example (28c) encompasses the quotative and inferential readings of both (28a) and (28b) as different types of non perceptual knowledge; other than its primary function of marking inference or induction, seems is also pressed into service, on a par with hearsay devices such as I was told that of signalling knowledge acquired through language. Belief in (28d) is an evidential modality in which the epistemic warrant for the assertion is not as reliable as in the other sources (Chafe 1986). 2. The fact that quite often we are rather certain of the actuality of what happens just before your eyes does not mean that, on occasion, direct sensory evidence may not be treated as less than fully reliable: (29) a.

Thus, irrespective of describing space-occupying second-order entities or focussing instead on the psychic phenomena of reflector-characters, texts (2) and (3) are structured according to the order of perception and the listener vicariously partakes in the same direct experience made out without the priviledge of knowing what is about to come. The same does not hold of the other excerpts in the sample, however. In fact, instead of describing what happened on a single occasion, text (4) is nothing but an iterative report of a ten-year long period, whereas (5) is based on an analepsis-generating discourse relation4 with the side-effect of mismatching descriptive and temporal order(s).

The chapter is brought to its term by taking into consideration how empirical knowledge of the way situations do transpire in the world interferes with Aktionsart typologies based on logico-linguistic criteria. The conclusion naturally collects the data amassed throughout the body of the book and assesses its main findings in the light of whatever competing theories are currently available in the literature. The first of the two appendices is a glossary of narratological terms; the second, a notation index.

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