Sustainable Land Management: Challenges, Opportunities, and by World Bank

By World Bank

Land is the integrating component to all livelihoods reckoning on farm, woodland, rangeland, or water (rivers, lakes, coastal marine) habitats. because of various political, social, and financial components, the heavy use of ordinary assets to provide a quickly growing to be international inhabitants and economic system has ended in the accidental mismanagement and degradation of land and ecosystems. 'Sustainable Land administration' presents strategic concentration to the implementation of sustainable land administration (SLM) elements of the realm Bank's improvement thoughts. SLM is a knowledge-based strategy that integrates land, water, biodiversity, and environmental administration to fulfill emerging nutrition and fiber calls for whereas maintaining livelihoods and the surroundings. This e-book, geared toward coverage makers, undertaking managers, and improvement association, articulates priorities for funding in SLM and normal source administration and identifies the coverage, institutional, and incentive reform innovations that would speed up the adoption of SLM productiveness advancements and pro-poor progress.

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Extra info for Sustainable Land Management: Challenges, Opportunities, and Trade-Offs (Agriculture and Rural Development)

Example text

Green water is vital for food and wood production, water supply (water tables and flows in springs and streams), water quality (including salinity and the dilution function of fresh water in wetlands), aquatic ecosystems, and waste treatment. SLM can positively affect green water, and thus significantly enhance irrigation “crop per drop” efficiency. 2). ADAPTING TO CLIMATE CHANGE Because of the certainty of global climate change, but also the extreme unpredictability of when, where, and to what extent regional and microclimates will change, a business-as-usual approach to increasing food and fiber productivity may not prove sustainable over the longer term.

Thus, artificially low royalties and stumpage fees in forestry, cheap fertilizers and pesticides, and lack of environmental service markets can result in land degradation. SUSTAINABLE LAND MANAGEMENT ■ Institutional Arrangements. Institutions set and control the terms and conditions under which natural resources are managed, allocated, and used. Both local and national-level institutions affect natural resource use. Land degradation can result when local or national institutions favor the interests of a particular group of land users over other users, when local communities are excluded from decision making and participation in management and benefits, and when land and resource tenure arrangements are left unresolved.

Because preventing land degradation is usually far less expensive and more effective than rehabilitating badly degraded lands, the first priority is to prevent the degradation of currently productive land. The second priority is to rehabilitate moderately degraded lands and then the severely degraded lands via measures that facilitate the recovery of soil biological communities essential to efficient nutrient conservation and soil physical integrity (Uphoff et al. 2006), improve the nutrient status via added fertilizer nutrients if necessary, and increase the amount of organic carbon in soil.

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